The African eggplant [Solanum aethiopicum (L.)] is an important orphan traditional vegetable
cultivated in tropical regions for its edible fruits. In Benin republic, S. aethiopicum (L.) is mainly produced by
rural farmers for food and for its uses in traditional medicine. Assessing the varietal diversity, the endogenous
knowledge, the production constraints and the farmers’ preference criteria are of great importance for promotion and conservation purposes.