In Eastern Africa, reduced soil fertility has led to declining crop yields on many small-scale
farms causing food insecurity and greater poverty. Throughout the region, soils are generally
low in nitrogen and phosphorus – which are essential for crops to grow well. Soil fertility
can be increased by use of chemical fertilizers but these are too expensive for many farmers
and are not always available. A more affordable alternative is to make your own good-quality
compost using waste materials from your farm and household.