People in drylands are vulnerable to the effects of drought and climate change, particularly
in the drylands of developing countries where high poverty levels limit their ability
to cope. This is the case in the drylands of Eastern Africa, where the combination of endemic
poverty and frequent drought have led to a situation where relief has overtaken
development as the major area of investment.
In recent years it has been realized that there is a need for development, which rebuilds
the drought resilience of the region’s dryland economies. Trees can enhance resilience
of livelihoods in drylands, but their exact contribution has been poorly explored