Transboundary water resources management is one of the new areas in the sustainable
management of water resources in Uganda. The area of lakes shared between Uganda and neighboring
countries is approximately 79,000 sq. kilometers. Most of the water resources in the country cut across
district boundaries. Cross-sectoral institutional framework for water resources management is vital to
manage transboundary water resources with an enabling legal and policy framework in place. River Ruizi
is one of such rivers that transect five districts in Southwestern Uganda with a weak or inadequate enabling environment to manage the water resource across the districts. Through this study, the existing
practices and weakness of the legal and policy framework are elaborated and a proposed harmonization of
policies is suggested for the Districts sharing water resources in Uganda.